How does a car's steering and suspension work?

Stephen Wright, 2 years ago

5 min read

  • Advice
  • howdoesitwork
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Suffering from problems with your steering and suspension? We’re here to help thanks to our comprehensive steering and suspension maintenance guide

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How Does Car Steering Work?

How Does Car Suspension Work?

Steering and Suspension Maintenance Tips

Frequently Asked Questions

How does car steering work?

There are two basic types of steering systems; Standard Mechanical and Rack and Pinion steering.

The major difference between the two is that the Rack and Piston system has fewer parts and pivot points, which results in more accurate control and higher responsiveness.

However, this system has a higher chance of leakage which means the steering rack assembly typically requires replacement more often than Standard Mechanical steering.

How does car suspension work?


Suspension is essentially the shock absorbing part of a car which allows the wheels to remain in firm contact with the road while maintaining traction, it also helps provide passengers with a comfortable ride.

The suspension in your car is mainly comprised of springs and shock absorbers which come in all shapes and sizes depending on the vehicle.

Suspension removes a huge amount of vibration and bumps from a car as well as internal noise, so it will be noticeable if something is broken!

Even if your car drives smoothly and comfortably it is always a good idea to have the steering and suspension checked at least once a year.

There are many forces being applied to your steering and suspension as you drive along which means the two systems can be subject to stress from every angle. This means there are many areas which could be affected by driving.

Steering and suspension maintenance tips

These simple tips will help you understand what is going wrong with your car if it is displaying certain issues.

Remember, we can help you receive a range of bespoke quotes from garages for steering and suspension repair in your area.

Average cost of a steering rack by manufacturer

Average Cost of Steering Rack by Manufacturer


Why does my car lean or pull to one side?

  • Tyres are worn out more on one side

  • Steering linkage loose or worn out

  • One brake is dragging/isn’t released

  • Wheels aren’t aligned

  • Tyre pressure uneven

Why does my steering wheel vibrate?

  • Warped or damaged brake rotors/ drums

  • Loose wheel lug nuts

  • Out of balance wheel and tyre assemblies

  • Loose steering linkage

  • Bent or damaged wheels

  • Worn/damaged tyres

Why is my car wheel hard to turn?

  • Low tyre pressure

  • Wheels out of alignment

  • Power steering box/rack/power steering pump damaged

  • Low fluid in power steering

  • Power steering drive belt damaged

  • Steering gear requires lubrication

Why does my car make a noise when turning a corner?

  • Steering belt damaged/loose

  • Fluid in the power steering has air which needs to be bled from the system

  • Low fluid in power steering

  • Loose/damage steering mounts

My does my car have loose steering?

  • Steering linkage is worn out or loose

  • Steering box needs to be turned

Why is my car bouncing?

My car has no power steering

  • No fluid in the power steering system

  • Faulty power steering pump

  • Broken steering belt

  • Contaminated fluid in power steering

  • Low tyre pressure

My car is wandering from side to side

  • Weight within the car is unevenly distributed

  • Wheels out of alignment

  • Weak springs

  • Loose steering linkage

My car steering wheel is shaking

  • Steering drive belt damaged/loose

  • Low fluid in power steering

  • Engine idling too low

  • Power steering linkage rubbing against something

Seeing any of the above symptoms while driving your car?

It is absolutely vital that you pay attention to your car and make sure to keep this information in mind. If you ignore the signs that your car is showing, you are taking a safety risk. If your car is showing ANY of these signs, you need to have the issue addressed immediately.